Investigation of Hydrodynamic Forces on Rotating and Whirling Centrifugal Pump Impellers FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
R. Fongang

University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Federal Republic of Germany

J. Colding-Jørgensen

Ødegaard & Danneskiold-Samsøe AS, Copenhagen, Denmark

R. Nordmann

Technical University of Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Federal Republic of Germany

Paper No. 96-GT-018, pp. V005T14A003; 9 pages
  • ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; General
  • Birmingham, UK, June 10–13, 1996
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7876-7
  • Copyright © 1996 by ASME


A 2-dimensional fluid model is developed to investigate the hydrodynamic forces exerted on a rotating impeller caused by the impeller-fluid-volute interaction in a centrifugal pump. In this model, the impeller periphery and the volute contour are replaced by a distribution of unsteady vortices. The impeller center is assumed to execute a whirling motion about the rotor center. This is an improvement of the earlier quasisteady flow model of Colding-Jørgensen (1980) where the impeller was taken as a single vortex-source point. The forces can be presented as a sum of a steady and an unsteady part. The rotordynamic coefficients are deduced from the unsteady forces decomposed into radial and tangential components relative to the orbit described by the impeller center. In comparison to most of the theoretical and experimental results found in the literature, the model seems to give good prediction. It appears clearly from this analysis that, under certain operating conditions, the fluid forces on the impeller have a destabilizing effect on the pump rotor.

Copyright © 1996 by ASME
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