Thermal Strains and Their Effect on the Life of Ceramic Matrix Composite Components in Gas Turbine Engines PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Michael J. L. Percival, Colin P. Beesley

Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, UK

Paper No. 96-GT-533, pp. V005T13A029; 6 pages
  • ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; General
  • Birmingham, UK, June 10–13, 1996
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7876-7
  • Copyright © 1996 by ASME


Currently available Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMCs) have very low stress carrying capability if they are to achieve the service life required for application in gas turbine engines. As such, they are most likely to find their first applications in non-structural components with low mechanical loads, where the majority of the stress is thermally induced. The thermal cycling experienced in gas turbine engines, coupled with the necessary interfaces with surrounding metal components and other geometric features, means that these thermal stresses are often localised, but in order to produce a valid component design they may significantly exceed the maximum design stress.

The aim of this paper is to discuss the implications for the life of the component of these excess stresses. This will cover the mechanisms for the propagation of localised damage in a strain controlled environment, and the effect of this damage on the thermal conductivity and hence on the induced thermal gradients and thermal strains. Strains corresponding to stresses considerably above the normally accepted design stress can be sustained for a considerable number of cycles, but the influence of extended time periods with damage at elevated temperatures remains unexplored.

Copyright © 1996 by ASME
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