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The Effect of Periodic Ribs on the Local Aerodynamic and Heat Transfer Performance of a Straight Cooling Channel FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
G. Rau, M. Çakan, D. Moeller, T. Arts

von Karman Institute, Belgium

Paper No. 96-GT-541, pp. V004T09A061; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/96-GT-541
From:
  • ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Birmingham, UK, June 10–13, 1996
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7875-0
  • Copyright © 1996 by ASME

abstract

The local aerodynamic and heat transfer performance were measured in a rib-roughened square duct as a function of the rib pitch to beight ratio. The blockage ratio of these square obstacles was 10% or 20% depending on whether they were placed on one single (1s) or on two opposite walls (2s). The Reynolds number, based on the channel mean velocity and hydraulic diameter, was fixed at 30000.

The aerodynamic description of the flow field was based on local pressure distributions along the ribbed and adjacent smooth walls as well as on 2D LDV explorations in the channel symmetry plane and in two planes parallel to the ribbed wall(s). Local heat transfer distributions were obtained on the floor, between the ribs, and on the adjacent smooth side wall. Averaged parameters, such as friction factor and averaged heat transfer enhancement factor, were calculated from the local results and compared to correlations given in literature.

This contribution showed that simple correlations derived from the law of the wall similarity and from the Reynolds analogy could not be applied for the present rib height-to-channel hydraulic diameter ratio (e/Dh=0.1). The strong secondary flows resulted in a three-dimensional flow field with high gradients in the local heat transfer distributions on the smooth side walls.

Copyright © 1996 by ASME
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