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Applications of Advanced Liquid Crystal Video Thermography to Turbine Cooling Passage Heat Transfer Measurement FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Robert P. Campbell, Michael J. Molezzi

General Electric Corporate R&D, Schenectady, NY

Paper No. 96-GT-225, pp. V004T09A029; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/96-GT-225
From:
  • ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer; Electric Power; Industrial and Cogeneration
  • Birmingham, UK, June 10–13, 1996
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7875-0
  • Copyright © 1996 by ASME

abstract

Over the past few years advances in thermochromic liquid crystal (TLC) thermography have improved its usefulness as a quantitative temperature measurement technique. Many of these improvements have been discussed in the literature but few have been directly applied to solving gas turbine heat transfer problems. The purpose of this work is to combine the best of these techniques into an advanced, easy to use, low cost system which can provide accurate, rapid and complete heat transfer data for advanced gas turbine development.

The older, more common technique of using narrow band liquid crystals to map isotherm distributions has been updated to use wide temperature range crystals with full hue-temperature calibrations over their entire response range with accuracy as good or better than thermocouples. The system consists of an RGB video camera, a hue, saturation and intensity (HS1) framegrabber, on-axis lighting and a linear thermal gradient TLC calibrator. Algorithms have been developed for automated data validation, spatial transformations of data taken on non-planar surfaces and superposition of multiple data sets to construct full field data over surfaces with wide ranges of heat transfer coefficients (h). Instead of yielding mean h, h at a few thermocouple locations or h at individual isotherms, this system provides continuous distributions of h.

These techniques have been used to map the heat transfer coefficient distributions in advanced power generation gas turbine internal cooling passages. These include serpentine passages with and without turbulators, leading edge passages and 180° rums. Results are presented in full field plots of heat transfer enhancement, Nu(x,y)/Nudb.

Copyright © 1996 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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