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Performance Barriers for Single-Degree-of-Freedom Energy Harvesters Under Generic Stochastic Excitation

[+] Author Affiliations
Han Kyul Joo, Themistoklis P. Sapsis

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

Paper No. DETC2014-34134, pp. V006T10A059; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2014-34134
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 6: 10th International Conference on Multibody Systems, Nonlinear Dynamics, and Control
  • Buffalo, New York, USA, August 17–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4639-1
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

We develop performance criteria for the objective comparison of different classes of single-degree-of-freedom oscillators under stochastic excitation. For each family of oscillators, these objective criteria take into account the maximum possible energy harvested for a given response level, which is a quantity that is directly connected to the size of the harvesting configuration. We prove that the derived criteria are invariant with respect to magnitude or temporal rescaling of the input spectrum and they depend only on the relative distribution of energy across different harmonics of the excitation. We then compare three different classes of linear and nonlinear oscillators and using stochastic analysis tools we illustrate that in all cases of excitation spectra (monochromatic, broadband, white-noise) the optimal performance of all designs cannot exceed the performance of the linear design.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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