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Full Rotatability of Watt Six-Bar Linkages

[+] Author Affiliations
Jun Wang, Daxing Zhao, Quan Wang, Jinfeng Sun, Ying You, Liangyi Nie

HuBei University of Technology, Wuhan, HuBei, China

Kwun-Lon Ting

Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN

Paper No. DETC2014-34207, pp. V05AT08A049; 8 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5A: 38th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Buffalo, New York, USA, August 17–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4636-0
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


The full rotatability of a linkage refers to a linkage in which the input may complete a continuous and smooth rotation without the possibility of encountering a dead center position. Full rotatability identification is a problem generally encountered among the mobility problems that may include branch (assembly mode or circuit), sub-branch (singularity-free) identification, range of motion, and order of motion in linkage analysis and synthesis. In a complex linkage, the input rotatability of each branch may be different while the Watt six-bar linkages may be special. This paper presents a unified and analytical method for the full rotatability identification of Watt six-bar linkages regardless of the choice of input joints or reference link or joint type. The branch of a Watt without dead center positions has full rotatability. Using discriminant method and the concept of joint rotation space (JRS), the full rotatability of a Watt linkage can be easily identified. The proposed method is general and conceptually straightforward. It can be applied for all linkage inversions. Examples of Watt linkage and a six-bar linkage with prismatic joints are employed to illustrate the proposed method.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME
Topics: Linkages



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