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Design of a Compliant Monolithic Internally Statically Balanced Four-Bar Mechanism

[+] Author Affiliations
Luc Berntsen, Daan H. Gosenshuis

University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands

Just L. Herder

University of Twente, Enschede, The NetherlandsDelft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Paper No. DETC2014-35054, pp. V05AT08A040; 13 pages
  • ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 5A: 38th Mechanisms and Robotics Conference
  • Buffalo, New York, USA, August 17–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4636-0
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Instigated by the need to statically balance compliant mechanisms, this paper presents a compliant internally static balanced monolithic four-bar linkage which can be used as generic building block in any compliant mechanism. The pivots of the four-bar are made compliant by the use of initially curved leaf springs. The balancing energy is provided by two pre-loaded opposing cantilever leaf springs that follow a circular path imposed by the input link in a range of forty degrees. The monolithic four-bar and its balancing mechanism are dimensioned by means of an analytical model (decoupled segments), optimized with a FE-analysis (coupled), and validated with a prototype and accompanying experiment. FEA shows a peak moment reduction of 95% (elastic material, working range: 40°), and the experiment of a lasercut 10 mm thick PMMA (visco-elastic material) prototype shows a peak moment reduction of 63% (working range: 36°) up to 88% (working range: 20°).

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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