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An Approach for Measuring Information Content of Textual Engineering Requirements Using a Form-Neutral Representation

[+] Author Affiliations
Chiradeep Sen, John Fields

Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

Alolika Mukhopadhyay, Farhad Ameri

Texas State University, San Marcos, TX

Paper No. DETC2014-34438, pp. V01BT02A006; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2014-34438
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1B: 34th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Buffalo, New York, USA, August 17–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4629-2
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

This paper demonstrates a generic approach for measuring the information content of artifacts produced and used in early stages of mechanical design. Engineering design requirements are selected for information content analysis for illustration. In this method, requirements in natural language are translated to an Entity-Relation-Attribute-Value (ERAV) model composed of well-defined elements. A protocol for this translation is proposed and validated. Four different metrics, based on raw element count, count weighted by arbitrary ordinal scale, count weighted by node cardinality, and Shannon’s entropy are then applied to the ERAV model for measuring information content. The method proposed is generic enough to be applied to most design documents that use natural language as the knowledge representation formalism.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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