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FEM Analysis of Bone-Ligaments-Tooth Models for Biomechanical Simulation of Individual Orthodontic Devices

[+] Author Affiliations
Roberto Savignano, Sandro Barone, Alessandro Paoli, Armando V. Razionale

University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

Paper No. DETC2014-34912, pp. V01AT02A081; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2014-34912
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: 34th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Buffalo, New York, USA, August 17–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4628-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

In the last decades, research in the orthodontic field has focused on the development of more comfortable and aesthetic appliances such as thermoformed aligners. Aligners have been used in orthodontics since the mid 20-century. Nonetheless, there is still not enough knowledge about how they interact with teeth. This paper is focused on the development of a Finite Element Method (FEM) model to be used in the optimization process of geometrical attributes of removable aligners. The presented method integrates Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) data and optical data in order to obtain a customized model of the dental structures, which include both crown and root shapes. The digital simulation has been focused on analyzing the behavior of three upper frontal teeth. Moreover, the analyses have been carried out by using different aligners’ thicknesses with the support of composite structures polymerized on teeth surfaces while simulating a 2 degrees rotation of an upper central incisor.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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