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3D Reconstruction of Individual Tooth Shapes by Integrating Dental CAD Templates and Patient-Specific Anatomy

[+] Author Affiliations
Sandro Barone, Alessandro Paoli, Armando V. Razionale, Roberto Savignano

University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

Paper No. DETC2014-34362, pp. V01AT02A073; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/DETC2014-34362
From:
  • ASME 2014 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 1A: 34th Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Buffalo, New York, USA, August 17–20, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4628-5
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

The accurate reconstruction of a human digital dental model represents a wide research area within the orthodontic field due to its importance for the customization of patient treatments. Usually, 3-D dental root geometries are obtained by segmenting tomographic data. However, concerns about radiation doses may be raised since tomographic scans produce a greater X-ray dose than conventional 2-D panoramic radiographs (PAN). The present work is aimed at investigating the possibility to retrieve 3-D shape of individual teeth by exposing the patient to the minimum radiation dose. The proposed methodology is based on adapting general CAD templates over patient-specific dental anatomy, which is reconstructed by integrating the optical digitization of dental plaster models with a PAN image. The radiographic capturing process is simulated through the Discrete Radon Transform (DRT) and performed onto the patient crowns geometry obtained by segmenting the digital plaster model. A synthetic PAN image is then reconstructed and used to integrate the radiographic data within the digitized plaster model, thus allowing to retrieve roots information which guide the CAD templates adapting over the patient anatomy.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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