Fluid Transient Responses With Check Valves in Pipe Flow System With Air Entrainment PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
T. S. Lee, L. C. Leow

National University of Singapore, Singapore

Paper No. 97-AA-059, pp. V001T13A035; 10 pages
  • ASME 1997 Turbo Asia Conference
  • ASME 1997 Turbo Asia Conference
  • Singapore, September 30–October 2, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7867-5
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


A common flow system arrangement in piping system consists of a lower reservoir, a group of pumps with a check valve in each branch, and a pipeline discharging into a upper reservoir. In earlier studies of check valves performances in transient flow, none considered the effects of air entrainment into a pipeline system and the subsequent effects on the check valve performances in transient flow. Studies on pressure surges during pump tripped in pumping systems showed that by including an air entrainment variable wave speed model, reasonable predictions of fluid transient responses with proper phasing and attenuation of pressure peaks can be obtained. The most severe case where all the pumps in the station fail simultaneously due to power failure was analysed for their maximum and minimum pressure variation along the pipeline. A numerical model is now set up in the present work to investigate the check valve performances in transient flow for a pumping system with air entrainment. The analyses examine a fluid system with a variable air entrainment content (ε) and studied numerically it effects on the flow reversal time and hence determine the appropriate valve selection for a given fluid system to minimize problems of check valve slamming. Present numerical computations show that the air content in a fluid system can adversely affect the check valve transient responses. With the fluid system operating within a critical range of air entrainment values, analysis showed that there is a possibility of “check valve slamming” when the check valves were selected based on the analysis of an air free system. The above phenomena is confirmed through physical field measurements.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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