Advancements in Machinery Management Using the Measurement of Rotor Torsional Response PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Alan S. Thomson

Bently Nevada Corporation

Paper No. 97-AA-128, pp. V001T03A011; 7 pages
  • ASME 1997 Turbo Asia Conference
  • ASME 1997 Turbo Asia Conference
  • Singapore, September 30–October 2, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7867-5
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


Rotor torsional (angular, steady and dynamic) motion, in response to the interaction of torque and torsional/lateral cross coupled forces with torsional dynamic stiffness, exist in rotating and reciprocating machinery for many reasons. The dynamic torsional response however, is commonly not measured on a continual basis. In the torsional dynamic stiffness, damping parameters are generally several magnitudes weaker than their lateral counterpart. This yields the opportunity for torsional responses, especially when exciting a resonance, to produce relatively large deflections and corresponding stresses, sometimes large enough to cause machine failure.

Due to their rigid coupling, long shaft system lengths (a series of shafts coupled together), and large polar moments of inertia, the turbomachinery used in the power generation industry are particularly sensitive to forced torsional excitation. The forcing can come from many sources, including lateral forces which cross couple into torsional forces. Recent research introduces new sources of cross coupled excitation and a method to indirectly measure their and other effects on the mechanical integrity of the mechanical system.

A modified and a prototype technique for continuously measuring directly and indirectly the rotor torsional response, and using it to evaluate rotor torsional dynamic stiffness as a machinery management tool is discussed in this paper.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
Topics: Machinery , Rotors
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