Pressure Drop Distribution in a Rotating Rectangular Channel With One Ribbed Surface PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
S. V. Prabhu, R. P. Vedula

Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, Bombay, India

Paper No. 97-AA-118, pp. V001T03A010; 17 pages
  • ASME 1997 Turbo Asia Conference
  • ASME 1997 Turbo Asia Conference
  • Singapore, September 30–October 2, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7867-5
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


A modified geometry for the internal cooling passages of a gas turbine rotor blade is suggested here. In this modified geometry, the Coriolis force induced enhanced heat transfer coefficients are experienced by both the coolant channel walls adjacent to the blade pressure and blade suction surfaces. This is made possible by permitting the flow to have a radially outward and a radially inward direction at different locations along the blade thickness at a given chordwise location. However, the flow geometry is complex and the corresponding pressure losses are also likely to be larger. The present investigation is a preliminary study of the pressure drop characteristics for the modified channel suggested above and the simplest case of a straight channel with ribs on only one surface is reported here. The pressure drop in a rectangular cross-sectioned duct with an aspect ratio of 2.0 rotating about an axis normal to the free-stream direction in the presence of rib turbulators glued on one of the surfaces of the test section with ribs normal to the flow direction is measured. The study has been conducted for Reynolds number varying from 10000–17000 and the rotation number varying from 0–0.21. Experiments were carried out for various pitch-to-rib height ratios (P/e) of 3, 5, 7.5 & 10 with a constant rib height-to-hydraulic diameter ratio (e/D) of 0.15. A significant increase of the friction factor is observed when the ribbed surface is the coolant channel trailing (pressure) surface in the presence of rotation. The highest friction factor is observed in a channel with a P/e ratio of 5 which would imply that there could be a significant increase in the heat transfer coefficient for this configuration. A pitch-to-height ratio of about 10, which is the most preferred choice for a stationary configuration, no longer appears to be the optimum in the presence of rotation.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
Topics: Pressure drop
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