Prediction of 3-D Viscous Flow of Centrifugal Impeller With Tip-Clearance: Part 1 — High Speed Compressor PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
E. Y. K. Ng

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Paper No. 97-AA-021, pp. V001T03A007; 8 pages
  • ASME 1997 Turbo Asia Conference
  • ASME 1997 Turbo Asia Conference
  • Singapore, September 30–October 2, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7867-5
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


This paper described a 3-D, finite-volume procedure for simulating the entire viscous flow field within the impellers of a high subsonic radial compressor with uniform tip-clearance. The aim of the calculation is to verify the compressible Navier-Stokes solvers by comparing the computation against the experimental data of Krain backswept compressor at choke condition. The time-marching implicit technique used is a modified form of the basic Beam-Warming algorithm with a mixing length turbulence model in the blade-relative frame using rotating cylindrical coordinate system and appropriate source terms. An outline of the scheme is addressed and the present capabilities of the solver are assessed. The numerical calculations of the well-known jet/wake-type flow patterns agree well with measurement for the compressor rotor, and detailed comparisons indicate that the tip-clearance effect must be accurately modeled to compute the impeller flow patterns properly. In the case of larger separation region near suction surface of Krain compressor, it is due to the larger tip gap used in the model which causes the thickening of the casing boundary layer followed by the deterioration of the entire flow field.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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