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Integrated Control of Rotating Stall and Surge in High-Speed Multi-Stage Compression Systems PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
K. M. Eveker, C. N. Nett, O. P. Sharma

United Technologies Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, CT

D. L. Gysling

United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT

Paper No. 97-GT-352, pp. V004T15A028; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/97-GT-352
From:
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7871-2
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME

abstract

Aeroengines operate in regimes for which both rotating stall and surge impose low flow operability limits. Thus, active control strategies designed to enhance operability of aeroengines must address both rotating stall and surge as well as their interaction. In this paper, a previously developed nonlinear control strategy that achieves simultaneous active control of rotating stall and surge is applied to a high-speed 3-stage axial flow compression system with operating parameters representative of modern aeroengines. The controller is experimentally validated for 2 compressor builds and its robustness to radial distortion assessed. For actuation, the control strategy utilizes an annulus-averaged bleed valve with bandwidth on the order of the rotor frequency. For sensing, measurements of the circumferential asymmetry and annulus-averaged unsteadiness of the flow through the compressor are used. Experimental validation of simultaneous control of rotating stall and surge in a high-speed environment with minimal sensing and actuation requirements is viewed as another important step towards applying active control to enhance operability of compression systems in modem aeroengines.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
Topics: Compression , Surges
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