Thickness Measurement of MCrAlY High-Temperature Coatings by Frequency Scanning Eddy Current Technique PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Giampiero Antonelli, Marco Ruzzier

CISE SpA, Segrate, Italy

Fiorenzo Necci

ENEL SpA DCO Roma, Roma, Italy

Paper No. 97-GT-001, pp. V004T15A001; 11 pages
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7871-2
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


Nondestructive characterization of non-serviced high-temperature coatings can be considered one of the important factors to achieve a higher level of structural integrity of advanced gas turbines.

The present paper describes an innovative eddy current technique especially developed for measuring the thickness of metallic (MCrAlY) coatings applied by vacuum plasma spray on Ni-base superalloys. Conventional eddy current techniques, well established for quality control of coating thickness, are not applicable in this case because of the low difference of electrical conductivities of conting and base materials, which is a consequence of their quite similar physical and chemical properties.

The new technique employs fast frequency scanning of the electromagnetic field in the range 100 kHz – 10 MHz, corresponding to probing depths from 1 mm to 0.1 mm. Dedicated hardware has been developed, featuring high sensitivity, stability and harmonic rejection.

Analysis of the measured data (i.e. probe impedance vs frequency), in order to estimate the relevant diagnostic parameters (coating thickness, coating and base metal electrical conductivities), is carried out on the basis of a theoretical model of interaction between a plane electromagnetic wave and test piece.

The results of tests performed on a non-serviced first stage blade are reported and compared with reference destructive data. Reliability, accuracy and practical applicability of the method meets the requirements for in-shop quality control.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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