Rotordynamic Instability From an Anti-Swirl Device PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
John Vance

Texas A&M University

Steven B. Handy

Castrol North America Inc.

Paper No. 97-GT-498, pp. V004T14A065; 11 pages
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7871-2
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


A swirl damper intended for high temperature turbomachinery applications was experimentally investigated for its damping characteristics. The results were disappointing in that only a small amount of damping was obtained. Instead, an instability was produced at a speed which exhibited backward whirl. The rotor rig that was used exhibited backward whirl over a speed range between two critical speeds. This backward whirl could be prematurely induced by the use of the swirl gas damper. At high damper pressures, the rotor system exhibited an instability. The exact nature of this instability is not known, however, possible causes are presented. The observations discussed in this paper are also important to those who design swirl brakes or anti-swirl guide vanes for labyrinth seals. The principles involved are similar in that the flow into a labyrinth seal is turned to swirl anti-rotationally as it enters the seal, same as the swirl gas damper.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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