Proposed Forcing Mechanisms and Non-Linear Effects on Subsynchronous Vibrations in High Performance Turbomachinery PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
M. F. White

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

S. H. Chan

Det Norske Veritas AS, Høvik, Norway

Paper No. 97-GT-448, pp. V004T14A062; 8 pages
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7871-2
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


This paper suggests that the subsynchronous “instability” observed in many high speed, high performance turbomachines while operating in the supercritical speed range may in some cases be a stable form of lightly damped vibrations. They could be excited by low frequency process forces due to unsteady flow conditions. The non-linearity in the mass, stiffness or damping of the system may have provided a coupling or frequency transformation between the excitation forces and the subsynchronous vibrations. Depending on the kind of non-linear characteristics the critical speeds as defined for a linear system may become regions of “instability”. The degree of non-linearity of the bearing-seal-rotor system has an influence on the sensitivity of the machine to subsynchronous vibrations. Some forcing mechanisms are presented, including non-identical rotor blades, inlet flow distortion and rotating stall. The effect on response of mode shape, internal shaft rotatory damping and frequency dependence of bearing damping at subsynchronous frequencies are discussed. It is recommended that the unsteady fluid dynamic forces, together with the effects of non-linear dynamic characteristics be further investigated to provide more experimental evidence for this hypothesis.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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