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Physics of Airfoil Clocking in Axial Compressors PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Karen L. Gundy-Burlet

NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA

Daniel J. Dorney

Pratt & Whitney, East Hartford, CT

Paper No. 97-GT-444, pp. V004T14A058; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/97-GT-444
From:
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7871-2
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME

abstract

Axial compressors have inherently unsteady flow fields because of relative motion between rotor and statnr airfnils. This relative motion leads to viscous and inviscid (potential) interactions between blade rows. As the number of stages increases in a turbomachine, the buildup of convected wakes can lead in progressively more complex wake/wake and wake/airfnil interactions. Variations in the relative circumferential positions of stators or rotors can change these interactions, leading to different unsteady forcing functions on airfoils and different compressor efficiencies. The current study uses an unsteady, two-dimensional thin-layer Navier-Stokes zonal approach to investigate the unsteady aerodynamics of stator clocking in a low-speed 2 ½-stage compressor. Relative motion between rotors and stators is made possible by the use of systems of patched and overlaid grids. Results include surface pressures instantaneous forces and efficiencies for a 2 ½-stage compressor configuration.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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