Finite Element Analysis of Thermomechanical Contact of an Elastomeric O-Ring Seal PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Baojiu Lin, David W. Nicholson

University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL

Paper No. 97-GT-106, pp. V004T14A022; 6 pages
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7871-2
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


This study concerns the development of a finite element model to support design improvements in elastomeric seals subject to high temperature and pressure, such as in aircraft engines. Existing finite element codes familiar to the authors do not couple thermal and mechanical fields, nor do they implement thermomechanical contact models suitable for highly deformable materials. Recently, the authors have introduced a thermohyperelastic constitutive model for near-incompressible elastomers. In two subsequent studies, using the constitutive model, a method has been introduced for finite element analysis of coupled thermomechanical response, including boundary contributions due to large deformation and variable contact. A new thermomechanical contact model has also been introduced to accommodate the softness of elastomers. The method has been implemented in a special purpose code which concerns a seal compressed into a well. Several computations are used to validate the code. Simulations of a seal in an idealized geometry indicate rapid pressure increase with increasing compression and temperature.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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