Experimental Assessment of Fiber Reinforced Ceramics for Combustor Walls PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
D. Filsinger, S. Münz, A. Schulz, S. Wittig

Universität Karlsruhe (T.H.), Karlsruhe, Germany

G. Andrees

Motoren- und Turbinen Union, München GmbH, München, Germany

Paper No. 97-GT-154, pp. V004T13A002; 6 pages
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7871-2
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


Experimental and theoretical work concerning the application of ceramic components in small high temperature gas turbines has been performed for several years. The significance of some non-oxide ceramic materials for gas turbines in particular is based on their excellent high temperature properties. The application of ceramic materials allows an increase of the turbine inlet temperature resulting in higher efficiencies and a reduction of pollution emissions.

The inherent brittleness of monolithic ceramic materials can be virtually reduced by reinforcement with ceramic fibers leading to a quasi-ductile behavior. Unfortunately, some problems arise due to oxidation of these composite materials in the presence of hot gas flow containing oxygen.

At the Motoren- und Turbinen Union, München GmbH, comprehensive investigations including strength, oxidation, and thermal shock tests of several materials that seemed to be appropriate for combustor liner applications were undertaken. As a result, C/C, SiC/SiC, and two C/SiC-composites coated with SiC, as oxidation protection, were chosen for examination in a gas turbine combustion chamber.

To prove the suitability of these materials under real engine conditions, the fiber reinforced flame tubes were installed in a small gas turbine operating under varying conditions. The loading of the flame tubes was characterized by wall temperature measurements.

The materials showed different oxidation behavior when exposed to the hot gas flow. Inspection of the C/SiC-composites revealed debonding of the coatings. The C/C- and the SiC/SiC-materials withstood the tests with a maximum cumulated test duration of 90 hours without damage.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In