The Effect of Microstructural Differences on NA2SO4-Induced Corrosion of Superalloy CMSX-4 at High Temperatures PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Ming Li, Vimal H. Desai

University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL

N. Sastry Cheruvu

Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX

Paper No. 97-GT-424, pp. V004T12A017; 9 pages
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 4: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; IGTI Scholar Award
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7871-2
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


Single crystal (SC) nickel based superalloys have been used in aero engine applications for a long time. The SC casting techniques are not yet widely used in the land based engine components because of their much larger size which makes casting and the subsequent heat treatment more difficult. In large casting, microporosity and elemental segregation are more severe. The γ/γ′ eutectic structure and dendritic arm spacing are also larger due to large casting size. All these defects will affect the heat treatment process and the subsequent service properties, including the resistance to oxidation and hot corrosion. In this work, as-cast and heat treated CMSX-4 specimens from small and large blades were used to study the effects of cast defects and heat treatment on Na2SO4 -induced hot corrosion resistance of the single crystal superalloy. The tests were carried out between 900 to 1000°C, for times ranging than 10 to 600 hours in the presence of a Na2SO4 deposit. The specimens from as-cast large blade underwent catastrophic attack after a short exposure time. But the initiation time for catastrophic attack approximately doubled in the case of wholly solution heat treated specimens. It is thus likely that although the hot corrosion resistance of this single crystal material is not as good as that of IN738, proper heat treatment can improve its hot corrosion resistance.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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