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The Evaporative Gas Turbine [EGT] Cycle FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
J. H. Horlock

Whittle Laboratory, Cambridge, UK

Paper No. 97-GT-408, pp. V002T08A012; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/97-GT-408
From:
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7869-9
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME

abstract

Humidification of the flow through a gas turbine has been proposed in a variety of forms. The STIG plant involves the generation of steam by the gas turbine exhaust in a heat recovery steam generator [HRSG], and its injection into or downstream of the combustion chamber. This increases the mass flow through the turbine and the power output from the plant, with a small increase in efficiency. In the evaporative gas turbine [or EGT] cycle, water is injected in the compressor discharge in a regenerative gas turbine cycle [a so-called CBTX plant-compressor [C], burner [B], turbine [T], heat exchanger [X]]; the air is evaporatively cooled before it enters the heat exchanger. While the addition of water increases the turbine mass flow and power output, there is also apparent benefit in reducing the temperature drop in the exhaust stack. In one variation of the basic EGT cycle, water is also added downstream of the evaporative aftercooler, even continuously in the heat exchanger. There are several other variations on the basic cycle [e.g. the cascaded humidified advanced turbine (CHAT)].

The present paper analyses the performance of the EGT cycle. The basic thermodynamics are first discussed, and related to the cycle analysis of a dry regenerative gas turbine plant. Subsequently some detailed calculations of EGT cycles are presented. The main purpose of the work is to seek the optimum pressure ratio in the EGT cycle for given constraints [e.g. fixed maximum to minimum temperature]. It is argued that this optimum has a relatively low value.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
Topics: Gas turbines , Cycles
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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