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Multiple Evaporation Steam Bottoming Cycle FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
H. Jericha, M. Fesharaki, A. Seyr

Graz University of Technology, Austria

Paper No. 97-GT-287, pp. V002T08A006; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/97-GT-287
From:
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7869-9
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME

abstract

Improvements to the steam bottoming cycles hold the promise of raising the combined cycle thermal efficiency to values near and above 60%. Up to now, steam bottoming cycles with three pressure levels of steam evaporation have been realised. A further advantage seems possible by the use of double fluids, such as mixtures of steam and ammonia.

In the cycle proposed here, the authors limit Themselves to the use of steam and water only, in order to avoid all the difficulties, that may arise from such mixtures. The solution given here, relies on multiple evaporation levels, more than three up to five and even more. They should be to be achieved with the help of newly developed steam turbochargers, which allow the unification of the steam flow from three different neighbouring pressure levels, into one steam flow to be transmitted via the live steam line to the main turbine. This large number of evaporation levels, together with the required economisers for feed water heating and the ensuing superheaters arranged in the proper way, gives a steam water heat acceptance curve, which can be closely matched to the exhaust gas cooling line, so that the heat transfer from the gas turbine exhaust to the steam bottoming cycle can be effected with a minimum of temperature differences.

It should be pointed out that the steam pressures are selected in the undercritical region, and that a total combined cycle efficiency very near to 60% can be achieved. Using most modern gas turbine models together with this novel bottoming cycle will even allow to exceed the value of 60%. Examples given have been calculated for standard gas turbine models.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
Topics: Evaporation , Cycles , Steam
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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