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An Efficient Computational Model for Premixed Turbulent Combustion at High Reynolds Numbers Based on a Turbulent Flame Speed Closure FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Vladimir Zimont

CRS, Cagliari, Italy

Wolfgang Polifke, Marco Bettelini, Wolfgang Weisenstein

ABB Corporate Research, Baden-Dättwil, Switzerland

Paper No. 97-GT-395, pp. V002T06A054; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/97-GT-395
From:
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7869-9
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME

abstract

Theoretical background, details of implementation and validation results of a computational model for turbulent premixed gaseous combustion at high turbulent Reynolds numbers are presented. The model describes the combustion process in terms of a single transport equation for a progress variable; closure of the progress variable’s source term is based on a model for the turbulent flame speed. The latter is identified as a parameter of prime significance in premixed turbulent combustion and is determined from theoretical considerations and scaling arguments, taking into account physico-chemical properties of the combustible mixture and local turbulent parameters. Specifically, phenomena like thickening, wrinkling and straining of the flame front by the turbulent velocity field are considered, yielding a closed form expression for the turbulent flame speed that involves, e.g., speed, thickness and critical gradient of a laminar flame, local turbulent length scale and fluctuation intensity. This closure approach is very efficient and elegant, as it requires only one transport equation more than the non-reacting flow case, and there is no need for costly evaluation of chemical source terms or integration over probability density functions.

The model was implemented in a finite-volume based computational fluid dynamics code and validated against detailed experimental data taken from a large scale atmospheric gas turbine burner test stand. The predictions of the model compare well with the available experimental results. It has been observed that the model is significantly more robust and computationally efficient than other combustion models. This attribute makes the model particularly interesting for applications to large 3D problems in complicated geometries.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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