Computational and Experimental Evaluation of Integral Catalytic Ignitor/Injector for Gas Turbine Applications PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Greg S. Jackson, Shahrokh Etemad, Hasan Karim, William C. Pfefferle

Precision Combustion, Inc., New Haven, CT

Paper No. 97-GT-310, pp. V002T06A045; 11 pages
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7869-9
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


The provision of an ignition source in the central region of a liquid-fired combustor reduces the requirement for wide spray angles, rich primary zones, and their associated performance drawbacks such as high levels of soot and NOx formation and high liner wall temperatures. Various ignition devices have been considered for providing centrally located ignition sources. The current paper presents a study of one alternative concept — the integral catalytic torch ignitor/injector — as a means for providing both combustor light-off and enhanced flame stability in the combustor primary zone.

An integral catalytic torch in a fuel injector offers the potential to significantly improve ignition arid flame stability and thus the opportunity to operate combustor primary zones at leaner conditions, which may improve emissions, pattern factor, and combustor liner durability. This paper presents computational and experimental results for a conventional liquid-fired combustor with the addition of a catalytic torch (replacing the pilot pressure atomizer) down the centerline of an air-blast fuel injector. The benefits of a lean primary zone with an integral catalytic torch/injector were investigated both computationally and experimentally by comparing combustor performance with standard and successively leaner primary zones. Pattern factor and emissions are compared with different primary zone jet configurations to observe if the central torch can enhance the operability of leaner primary zones in conventional combustor geometries. The experimental and computational results suggest that the integral catalytic torch can provide more than adequate ignition capabilities with improved combustor emissions when it is combined with a relatively lean operating primary zone.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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