Effect of Swirl on Combustion Characteristics in Premixed Flames FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Qi, A. K. Gupta, M. J. Lewis

University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Paper No. 97-GT-276, pp. V002T06A037; 8 pages
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7869-9
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME


A double concentric premixed swirl burner is used to examine the structure of two different methane-air premixed flames. Direct flame photography together with local temperature data provides an opportunity to investigate the effects of swirl number distribution in each annulus on the global and local flame structure, flame stability and local distribution of thermal signatures. An R-type thermocouple compensated for high-frequency response is used to measure the local distribution of thermal signatures in two different flames, each of which represents a different combination of swirl number in the swirl burner. In order to improve the accuracy of the temperature data at high-frequency conditions, information on the thermocouple time constant are also obtained under prevailing conditions of local temperature and velocity by compensating the heat loss from the thermocouple sensor bead. These results assist in quantifying the degree of thermal nonuniformities in the flame signatures as affected by the distribution of swirl and to develop strategies for achieving uniform distribution of temperatures in flames.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
Topics: Combustion , Flames
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