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Experimental and Theoretical Study of Droplet Vaporization in a High Pressure Environment FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Jörg Stengele, Michael Willmann, Sigmar Wittig

Universität Karlsruhe (T.H.), Karlsruhe, Germany

Paper No. 97-GT-151, pp. V002T06A022; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/97-GT-151
From:
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7869-9
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME

abstract

Due to the continuous increase of pressure ratios in modern gas turbine engines the understanding of high pressure effects on the droplet evaporation process gained significant importance. The precise prediction of the evaporation time and the movement of the droplets is crucial for optimum design and performance of modern gas turbine combustion chambers. Numerous experimental and numerical investigations have been done already in order to understand the evaporation process of droplets in high pressure environments. But until now, all high pressure experiments were carried out with droplets attached to a thin fiber resulting in the impairment of the droplet evaporation process due to the suspension unit.

In the present study, a new experimental set up is introduced where the evaporation of free falling droplets is investigated. Monodisperse droplets are generated in the upper part of the test rig and fall through the stagnant high pressure gas inside the pressure chamber. Due to the relative velocity between droplet and gas, convective effects have to be considered in this study which are taken into account by experimental correlations. The droplet diameter and the droplet velocity are measured simultaneously by means of video technique and a stroboscope lamp. Detailed measurements with heptane droplets are presented for different pressures (p = 20 bar, 30 bar and 40 bar), gas temperatures (T = 550 K and 650 K) and initial diameters (d0 = 680 μm, 780 μm and 840 μm). The experiments were carried out with single component droplets.

The experimental results are compared with numerical calculations. For this a theoretical model was developed based on the Conduction Limit model and the Uniform Temperature model. Good agreement for all conditions investigated is observed when using the Conduction Limit model. The Uniform Temperature model predicts incorrectly the evaporation process of the droplet.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
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