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Combustion of Coal-Derived Fuel Gas in an Oxygen-Blown Pressurized Topping Combustor FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Peter D. J. Hoppesteyn, Jans Andries, Klaus R. G. Hein

Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Paper No. 97-GT-063, pp. V002T05A010; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/97-GT-063
From:
  • ASME 1997 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 2: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, June 2–5, 1997
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7869-9
  • Copyright © 1997 by ASME

abstract

Advanced integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plants promise to be efficient and environmentally friendly systems to utilise solid fuels for the production of electricity and heat. An IGCC system consists of a gasifier, producing a low calorific value (LCV) fuel gas, and a gas turbine in which the LCV fuel gas is being combusted. At this time some demonstration IGCC plants have been commissioned in the United States and Europe. A sound understanding of the interaction between the gasifier and the gas turbine combustor is critical for successful operation of an IGCC system. Reliable theoretical and experimental information on the characteristics of the gas turbine as a whole and the combustor as such, leading to this information is needed prior to commercialisation of these IGCC systems. The combustion of natural gas in gas turbine combustors has been studied extensively. The combustion of coal-derived LCV fuel gas however has been studied in much less detail.

To obtain more fundamental data on the combustion of LCV fuel gas, a 1.5 MW pressurised fluidised bed gasifier (PFBG) with a separate pressurised topping combustor (PTC) has been designed, built and operated at Delft University of Technology (The Netherlands). The maximum system pressure is 10 bar. Experiments have been performed at 8 bar, using recirculated flue gas, steam and oxygen as gasifying agents. The produced LCV fuel gas is combusted in an oxygen blown PTC. In this way a flue gas with a high carbon dioxide concentration can be obtained from which the carbon dioxide can be removed more easily than from flue gases. A numerical model has been constructed to simulate the combustion of the LCV fuel gas in the PTC.

A detailed description of the test rig will be given. The first experimental results will be described and compared with simulation results obtained with the commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics code Fluent version 4.3. Finally the future work will be described.

Copyright © 1997 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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