Rotating Stall Control in a High-Speed Stage With Inlet Distortion: Part II — Circumferential Distortion PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Z. S. Spakovszky, H. J. Weigl, J. D. Paduano

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA

C. M. van Schalkwyk

Scientific Systems Co., Inc., Woburn, MA

K. L. Suder, M. M. Bright

NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH

Paper No. 98-GT-265, pp. V005T15A024; 11 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


This paper presents the first attempt to stabilize rotating stall in a single-stage transonic axial flow compressor with inlet distortion using active feedback control. The experiments were conducted at the NASA Lewis Research Center on a single-stage transonic core compressor inlet stage. An array of 12 jet injectors located upstream of the compressor was used for forced response testing and feedback stabilization. Results for a circumferential total pressure distortion of about one dynamic head and a 120° extent (DC(60) = 0.61) are reported in this paper. Part I (Spakovszky et al. (1998)) reports results for radial distortion.

Control laws were designed using empirical transfer function estimates determined from forced response results. Distortion introduces coupling between the harmonics of circumferential pressure perturbations, requiring multi-variable identification and control design techniques. The compressor response displayed a strong first spatial harmonic, dominated by the well known incompressible Moore-Greitzer mode.

Steady axisymmetric injection of 4% of the compressor mass flow resulted in a 6.2% reduction of stalling mass flow. Constant gain feedback, using unsteady asymmetric injection, yielded a further range extension of 9%. A more sophisticated robust controller allowed a reduction in stalling mass flow of 10.2% relative to steady injection, yielding a total reduction in stalling mass flow of 16.4%.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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