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Radiation and Convection Heat Flux Sensor for High Temperature Gas Environment FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Nelson Martins, Maria da Graça Carvalho, Naim Afgan

Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal

Alexander Ivanovich Leontiev

Moscow Technical University, Moscow, Russia

Paper No. 98-GT-224, pp. V005T15A021; 5 pages
doi:10.1115/98-GT-224
From:
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

The heat flux measurement is one of the essential parameter for the diagnostic of thermal systems. In the high temperature environment there are difficulties in differentiating between the convective and radiation component of heat flux on the heat transfer surface. A new method for heat flux measurement is being developed using a porous sensing element. The gas stream flowing through the porous element is used to measure the heat received by the sensor surface exposed to the hot gas environment and to control whether or not the sensing element receives the convection component of the total heat flux. It is possible to define a critical mass flow rate corresponding to the destruction of the boundary layer over the sensing element. With subcritical mass flow rate the porous sensing element will receive both the convective and radiative heat fluxes. A supercritical mass flow rate will eliminate the convective component of the total heat flux. Two consecutive measurements considering respectively a critical and a sub-critical mass flow rate can be used to determine separately the convection and radiation heat fluxes.

A numerical model of sensor with appropriate boundary condition has been developed in order to perform analysis of possible options in the design of the sensor. The analysis includes: geometry of element, physical parameters of gas and solid and gas flow rate through the porous element.

For the optimal selection of the relevant parameters an experimental set-up was designed, including the sensor element with corresponding cooling and monitoring system and high temperature radiation source. Applying the respective measuring procedure the calibration curve of the sensor was obtained. The linear dependency of the heat flux and respective temperature difference of the gas was verified. The accuracy analysis of the sensor reading has proved high linearity of the calibration curve and accuracy of ± 5%.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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