Three Dimensional Unsteady Flow for an Oscillating Turbine Blade and the Influence of Tip Leakage PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
D. L. Bell, L. He

University of Durham, Durham, United Kingdom

Paper No. 98-GT-571, pp. V005T14A049; 9 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


The results of two investigations, conducted on the aerodynamic response of a turbine blade oscillating in a three dimensional bending mode, are presented in this paper.

The first is an experimental and computational study, designed to produce detailed three dimensional test cases for aeroelastic applications and examine the ability of a 3D time-marching Euler method to predict the relevant unsteady aerodynamics. Extensive blade surface unsteady pressure measurements were obtained for a range of reduced frequency, from a test facility with clearly defined boundary conditions, Bell & He (1997). The test data exhibits a significant three dimensional effect, whereby the amplitude of the unsteady pressure response at different spanwise positions is largely insensitive to the local bending amplitude. The inviscid numerical scheme successfully captured this behaviour, and a good qualitative and quantitative agreement with the test data was achieved for the full range of reduced frequency. In addition, the issue of linearity is addressed and both experimental and numerical tests demonstrate a linear behaviour of the unsteady aerodynamics.

The second, an experimental investigation, considers the influence of tip leakage on the unsteady pressure response of an oscillating turbine blade. Results are provided for three tip clearances. The steady flow measurements show marked increases in the size and strength of the tip leakage vortex for the larger tip gaps and deviations in the blade loading towards the tip section. The changes in tip gap also caused distinct trends in the amplitude of the unsteady pressure at 90% span, which were consistent with those observed for steady flow blade loading. It is the authors opinion, that the existence of these trends in unsteady pressure warrants further investigation into the influence of tip leakage upon the local unsteady flow and aerodynamic damping.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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