Mechanical Property Scatter in CFCCs PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Marc Steen, Constantina Filiou

Institute for Advanced Materials, Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Petten, The Netherlands

Paper No. 98-GT-319, pp. V005T14A023; 5 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


The tensile response of continuous fibre reinforced ceramic matrix composites (CFCCs) is not expected to show the large variation in strength properties commonly observed for monolithic ceramics. Results of recent investigations on a number of 2D reinforced CFCCs have nevertheless revealed a considerable scatter in the initial elastic modulus, in the first matrix cracking stress and in the failure stress. One school of thought considers that the observed variability is caused by experimental factors. Elaborate testing programmes have been set up to clarify the origins of this scatter by investigation of the effects of control mode, loading rate, specimen shape, etc.. Another school explains the scatter by the presence of (axial) residual stresses in the fibres and in the matrix. Although plausible, this hypothesis is difficult to verify because experimental determination of the residual stress state in CFCCs is not straightforward. In addition, with the available methods it is impractical to determine the residual stresses in every test specimen. This approach is indeed required for establishing the relationship between the magnitude of the residual stresses and the experimentally observed scatter.

At IAM a method has been developed and validated which allows to quantify the axial residual stress state in individual CFCC specimens by subjecting them to intermittent unloading-reloading cycles. The method as well as the derived relationship between residual stress state and scatter in mechanical response will be presented.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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