Experimental Rotordynamic Coefficient Results for: (a) A Labyrinth Seal With and Without Shunt Injection and (b) A Honeycomb Seal PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Elias A. Soto A.

Lagoven S.A., Maracaibo, Venezuela

Dara W. Childs

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Paper No. 98-GT-008, pp. V005T14A003; 8 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


Centrifugal compressors are increasingly required to operate at higher pressures, speeds, and fluid density. In these conditions, compressors are susceptible to rotordynamic instabilities. To remedy this situation, labyrinth seals have sometimes been modified by using shunt injection. In shunt injection, the gas is taken from the diffuser or discharge volute and injected into an upstream chamber of the balance-piston labyrinth seal. The injection direction can be radial or against rotation. This study contains the first measured rotordynamic data for labyrinth seals with shunt injection. A comparison has been made between conventional labyrinth seals, labyrinth seal with shunt injection (radial and against rotation), and a honeycomb seal. Labyrinth seals with injection against rotation are better able to control rotordynamic instabilities than labyrinth seals with radial injection; however, the leakage is slightly higher. The leakage comparison for all seals demonstrates that the honeycomb seal has the best flow control. Test data are presented for a top rotor surface velocity of 110 m/sec, a supply pressure of 13.7 bars, and IPr = 0.95 (injection pressure is 1.05 = 1/0.95 times the seal inlet pressure). For these conditions, and considering effective damping, the labyrinth seal with injection against rotation is better than the honeycomb seal when the pressure ratio across the seal PR<0.45. On the other hand, the honeycomb seal is better when PR>0.45. The effectiveness of the shunt-injection against rotation in developing effective damping is reduced with increasing rotor surface velocity.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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