0

Strength Distribution Changes in a Silicon Nitride as a Function of Stressing Rate and Temperature FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Andrew A. Wereszczak, Kristin Breder, Mark J. Andrews, Timothy P. Kirkland, Mattison K. Ferber

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

Paper No. 98-GT-527, pp. V005T13A013; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/98-GT-527
From:
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

Machining damage (a surface flaw) and porous-region-flaw (a volume flaw) populations limited the flexure strengths of a commercially available silicon nitride at 25°C, while these same flaws, along with inclusions, limited flexure strengths at 850°C. The machining damage and porous region flaws were the primary interest in the present study because they caused failure at both temperatures. Censoring revealed that the two-parameter Weibull strength distributions representing each flaw population changed as a function of stressing rate (i.e., dynamic fatigue) and temperature. A decrease in the Weibull scaling parameter is recognized as an indication of slow crack growth or time-dependent strength reduction in monolithic ceramics. Available life prediction codes used for reliability predictions of structural ceramic components consider the slow crack growth phenomenon. However, changes in the Weibull modulus are infrequently observed or reported, and typically are not accounted for in these life prediction codes. In the present study, changes in both Weibull parameters for the strength distributions provided motivation to the authors to survey what factors (e.g., residual stress, slow crack growth, and changes in failure mechanisms) could provide partial or full explanation of the observed distribution changes in this silicon nitride. Lastly, exercises were performed to examine the effects of strength distribution changes on the failure probability prediction of a diesel exhaust valve. Because the surface area and volume of this valve were substantially larger than those of the tested bend bars, it was found that the valve’s failure probability analysis amplified some slight or inconclusive distribution changes which were not evident from the interpretation of the censored bend bar strength data.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In