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A Unique Small Gas Turbine Test Facility for Low-Cost Investigations of Ceramic Rotor Materials and Thermal Barrier Coatings FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Björn Schenk, Torsten Eggert, Helmut Pucher

Technical University Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Paper No. 98-GT-348, pp. V005T13A008; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/98-GT-348
From:
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

The paper describes a test facility for small-scale gas turbines, which basically has been designed and assembled at the Institute of Combustion Engines of the Technical University Berlin. The facility exposes ceramic rotor components to the most significant loads that occur during real gas turbine operation in a clearly predefined manner (high circumferential velocities and highest turbine inlet temperatures). The test facility allows the investigation of bladed radial inflow turbine rotors, as well as — in a preceding step — geometrically simplified ceramic or coated metallic rotors. A newly designed, ceramically lined, variable geometry combustion chamber allows turbine inlet temperatures up to 1450°C (2640 F). A fast thermal shock unit (switching time of about 1s), which is integrated into the test facility between the combustion chamber and the turbine scroll, can be used to create, for example, severe transient temperature gradients within the rotor components to simulate gas turbine trip conditions. In order to generate steady state temperature gradients, especially during disk testing, the rotor components can be subjected to an impingement cooling of the rotor back face (uncoated in case of TBC-testing). The test facility is additionally equipped with a non-contact transient temperature measurement system (turbine radiation pyrometry) to determine the test rotor surface temperature distribution during operation. Apart from the possibilities of basic rotor material investigations, the test facility can also be used to automatically generate compressor and turbine performance characteristics maps. The latter might be used to assess the aerodynamic performance of bladed ceramic radial inflow or mixed flow turbine rotors with respect to manufacturing tolerances due to near-net-shape forming processes (e.g., gelcasting or injection molding).

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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