Development of a Combustor Liner Composed of Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Kozi Nishio, Ken-ichiroh Igashira, Koji Take

Research Institute of Advanced Material Gas-Generator, Tokyo, Japan

Takeshi Suemitsu

Kawasaki Heavy Industries Limited, Hyogo, Japan

Paper No. 98-GT-104, pp. V005T13A002; 8 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


The Research Institute of Advanced Materials Gas-Generator (AMG), which is a joint effort by the Japan Key Technology Center and 14 firms in Japan, has, since fiscal year 1992, been conducting technological studies on an innovative gas generator that will use 20% less fuel, weigh 50% less, and emit 70% less NOx than the conventional gas generator through the use of advanced materials.

Within this project, there is an R&D program for applying ceramic matrix composite (CMC) liners to the combustor, which is a major component of the gas generator.

In the course of R&D, continuous SiC fiber-reinforced SiC composite (SiCF/SiC) was selected as the most suitable CMC for the combustor liner because of its thermal stability and formability.

An evaluation of the applicability of the SiCF/SiC composite to the combustor liner on the basis of an evaluation of its mechanical properties and stress analysis of a SiCF/SiC combustor liner was carried out, and trial SiCF/SiC combustor liners, the largest of which was 500mm in diameter, were fabricated by the filament winding and PIP (polymer impregnation and pyrolysis) method.

Using a SiCF/SiC liner built to the actual dimensions, a non-cooling combustion test was carried out and even when the gas temperature was raised to 1873K at outlet of the liner, no damage was observed after the test. Through our studies we have confirmed the applicability of the selected SiCF/SiC composite as a combustor liner.

In this paper, we describe the present state of the R&D of a CMC combustor liner.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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