Oxide/Oxide Ceramic Matrix Composites in Gas Turbine Combustors PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
Anthony G. Razzell

Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, United Kingdom

Ludovic Molliex

Snecma, Moissy-Cramayel, France

Magnus Holmquist

Volvo Aero Corporation, Trollhattan, Sweden

Olivier Sudre

ONERA, Chatillon, France

Paper No. 98-GT-030, pp. V005T13A001; 7 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 5: Manufacturing Materials and Metallurgy; Ceramics; Structures and Dynamics; Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7866-8
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


Gas turbine combustor concepts designed to give improved control of NOx emissions require the usage of hot uncooled walls. The main material properties needed in this application include mechanical and chemical stability at temperatures in excess of 1400°C for long times (>10 000 hours). Composites made from single crystal oxide fibre reinforced oxide with a compatible high temperature stable weak oxide interphase are potential candidate materials to meet these requirements. Alumina was chosen as a model material, unidirectional and 2D composites were processed and a suitable weak zirconia interphase was designed. The process was scaled-up to make production of larger panels and components possible. Mechanical testing was carried out at room temperature to characterise the performance of the material in the as produced and thermally aged condition. Room temperature mechanical properties compared well with other current ceramic composites and excellent high temperature stability was demonstrated. The applicability of the composite as a material for uncooled combustor walls is to be further assessed by evaluation in a combustor test rig. Results from computational fluid dynamics and finite element calculations as well as results from combustor rig tests of monolithic and composite ceramic tiles will be presented.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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