An Empirical Approach to the Preliminary Design of a Closed Cycle Gas Turbine FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
R. P. op het Veld, J. P. van Buijtenen

University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Paper No. 98-GT-393, pp. V003T08A023; 9 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7864-4
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


This paper investigates the layout and achievable efficiencies of rotating components of a Helium gas turbine. This is done by making a preliminary design of the compressor and turbine needed for the power conversion in a combined heat and power plant with a 40 MWth nuclear high temperature reactor as a heat source. State of the art efficiency values of air breathing gas turbines are used for the first calculations. The efficiency level is corrected by comparing various dimensionless data of the Helium turbomachine with an air gas turbine of similar dimensions.

A single shaft configuration with a high speed axial turbine will give highest performance and simple construction. If a generator has to be driven at a conventional speed, a free power turbine configuration must be chosen. The choice of the configuration depends among others on the cost and availability of the asynchrone generator and frequency convertor.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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