Injector Geometry Effect on Plain Jet Airblast Atomisation FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Paul J. O’Shaughnessy, Richard J. Bideau, Qing-ping Zheng

Aero & Industrial Technology Ltd., Burnley, United Kingdom

Paper No. 98-GT-445, pp. V003T06A041; 8 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7864-4
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


Airblast atomisation drop size is a function of the liquid and gas flow conditions. It is also subject to the atomisation geometry, or more specifically the jet breakup mechanism. Plain jet atomisation featuring coaxial air and fuel flows has been investigated to assess the injector geometry effect on the spray characteristics. Results from various flow conditions and atomiser configurations suggest that a prompt atomisation correlation that was evaluated for prefilming injectors can be applied to plain jet airblast atomisation, in a slightly modified form. Changes in the velocity term are necessary to fit the measured data. A scaling factor has been established to compensate for the velocity term change. This factor may also imply the underlying difference between flat sheet and round jet atomisation. The liquid atomisation mode is dependent not only on the manner of geometrical air-liquid contact but also on flow conditions. In this study, the combined air-fuel velocity ratio VR and Weber number (WeVR) is found to be a criteria that determines the air flow pattern influence on atomisation. Data from this experiment show that a small change in the axial distance between the liquid jet and air orifice entrance results in marked difference in spray drop mean size under low air momentum flow conditions.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
Topics: Ejectors , Geometry
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