Aerodynamics of a Fuel Spoke in a Gas Turbine Combustor FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Iris Z. Hu, Sanjay M. Correa

General Electric Research & Development Center, Schenectady, NY

Paper No. 98-GT-389, pp. V003T06A034; 7 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7864-4
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


The three-dimensional unsteady flow in a gas turbine combustor was studied using CFD means. The flow structure around a fuel spoke is of interest not only because of pollutant issues, but also because of combustor operating issues such as combustion acoustics and potential flame-holding in the premixer. The CFD model was tested extensively in terms of grid density and lime-marching step size before the final calculation was made. It was shown that when a swirling flow crosses over a cylindrical fuel spoke, wake vortices are formed and a strong secondary flow is generated along the spanwise direction. A secondary vortex existed near the tip of the spoke. This complex flow structure affects the quality of fuel and air mixing and can be addressed by CFD-based design methods.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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