Sawmill, Wood Waste Fuelled, 100% Recuperated, 5 MW Gas Turbine Co-Generation Plant FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Malcolm D. Lefcort

Heuristic Engineering Inc., Vancouver, BC, Canada

E. L. S. (Ted) Skodje

Industra Service Corporation, New Westminster, BC, Canada

Paper No. 98-GT-062, pp. V003T05A003; 8 pages
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 3: Coal, Biomass and Alternative Fuels; Combustion and Fuels; Oil and Gas Applications; Cycle Innovations
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7864-4
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME


Sawmills in the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) will soon be confronted with a collective wood waste disposal problem (bark, sawdust and shavings) of about 3 Million bone dry tonne/y at an average wet basis moisture content of about 45%. About 40 existing sawmill beehive burners presently incinerate this waste. Emissions from these beehive burners exceed current provincial particulate limits. Markets for the waste — board plants, sawdust digesters, charcoal plants, etc. — are limited. The economics of 25 to 50 MW wood-fired, steam power plants is poor. 6¢/kW.h is needed to finance a plant; the major utility offers 2¢/kW.h.

This paper describes a 3 MW to 5 MW, Nuovo Pignone PGT-5 co-generation plant fuelled by the 2000°F (1093°C) exhaust from a Heuristic EnvirOcycler, a two-stage, wood waste incinerator. The exhaust meets BC’s particulate limit of 0.052 grains/dscf (120 mg/Nm3). 37 to 65 Million Btu/h (39 to 68 GJ/h) of waste heat can be recovered from the system exhausts. In this application the PGT-5’s external combustion chamber is replaced by a “recuperator”, i.e., a high temperature, gas-to-air, heat exchanger.

Two variations of the basic system are examined. One features a larger than necessary EnvirOcycler to generate additional steam in the waste heat boiler. The other variation discusses heating 1,550°F (843°C) air from the recuperator up to 1,796°F (980°C) with natural gas. The extra power generated can cost as little as 1.9¢/kW.h.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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