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Characteristics of an Annular Turbine Cascade at Low Reynolds Numbers FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Takayuki Matsunuma, Hiroyuki Abe, Yasukata Tsutsui

Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Tsukuba, Japan

Koji Murata

The University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan

Paper No. 98-GT-518, pp. V001T01A124; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/98-GT-518
From:
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7862-0
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

The aerodynamic characteristics of turbine cascades are thought to be relatively satisfactory due to the favorable pressure gradient of the accelerating flow. But within the low Reynolds number region of approximately 6×104 where the 300kW ceramic gas turbines which are being developed under the New Sunshine Project of Japan operate, the characteristics such as boundary layer separation, reattachment and secondary flow which lead to prominent power losses can not be easily predicted.

In this research, experiments have been conducted to evaluate the performance of an annular turbine stator cascade. Wakes of the cascade were measured using a single hot wire and five hole pressure tube, for a range of blade chord Reynolds numbers based on the inlet condition from 2×104 to 12×104. Flow visualizations on the suction surface of the blade were carried out using oil film method. At low Reynolds numbers, the flow structure in the annular cascade was quite complex and three-dimensional. The separation line on the suction surface moved upstream due to the decrease of Reynolds number. In addition, the growth of secondary flows, i.e., passage vortices and leakage vortex, was extremely under the influence of Reynolds number.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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