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Tip-Clearance and Secondary Flows in a Transonic Compressor Rotor FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
G. A. Gerolymos, I. Vallet

Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, Orsay, Paris, France

Paper No. 98-GT-366, pp. V001T01A093; 17 pages
doi:10.1115/98-GT-366
From:
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7862-0
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

The purpose of this paper is to numerically investigate tip-clearance and secondary flows in a transonic compressor rotor. The computational method used is based on the numerical integration of the Favre-Reynolds-averaged 3-D compressible Navier-Stokes equations, using the Launder-Sharma near-wall k-ε turbulence closure. In order to accurately describe the flowfield through the tip and its interaction with the main flow, a fine O-grid is used to discretize the tip-clearance-gap. A patched O-grid is used to discretize locally the mixing-layer region created between the jet-like flow through the gap and the main flow. An H-O-H grid is used for the computation of the main flow. In order to substantiate the validity of the results comparisons with experimental measurements are presented for the NASA_37 rotor near peak efficiency using 3 grids (of 106, 2 × 106, and 3 × 106 points, with 21, 31, and 41 radial stations within the gap respectively). The Launder-Sharma k-ε model underestimates the hub corner stall present in this configuration. The computational results are then used to analyze the interblade-passage secondary flows, the flow within the tip-clearance gap and the mixing downstream of the rotor. The computational results indicate the presence of an important leakage-interaction-region where the leakage-vortex after crossing the passage shock-wave mixes with the pressure-side secondary flows. A second trailing-edge-tip-vortex is also clearly visible.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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