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An Experimental Examination of Cantilevered and Shrouded Stators in a Multistage Axial Compressor PUBLIC ACCESS

[+] Author Affiliations
M. Swoboda, U. Wenger, V. Gümmer

BMW Rolls-Royce GmbH, Dahlewitz, Germany

P. C. Ivey

Cranfield University, Bedfordshire, UK

Paper No. 98-GT-282, pp. V001T01A075; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/98-GT-282
From:
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7862-0
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents experimental investigations on a large-scale low-speed compressor facility with four repeating stages equipped with CDA-profiles (Controlled Diffusion Airfoils). Two different builds were investigated. Both builds used identical rotors, but had stators configured either in cantilevered or in shrouded form.

Traverse measurements of total pressure and flow angle at six axial locations (IGV, two rotor and three stator exit planes) were performed between 1% and 99% annulus height and across two blade pitches. Circumferentially mass-averaged radial profiles were used in a through-flow code for reconstruction analysis of the measurements. In addition to the traverse measurements surface static pressures on stage 3 rotor and stator were measured. The effect of the “free-end” configuration on an embedded stage of this multistage compressor is described and compared to the shrouded configuration. The objective of this study was to investigate the differences of these two configurations and especially the effects caused by the hub clearance vortex in the cantilevered case.

The entire set of measurements and through-flow analysis was performed at two operating points of the compressor i.e. at peak efficiency and near stall condition. Thus also the effects of the hub clearance vortex which influences the stall margin of the compressor are described. The analysis of the results shows slightly higher pressure rise coefficients for shrouded stators, but slightly higher stall margin in the cantilevered case. This is due to a stabilizing effect of the hub clearance vortex (cleans up separation on hub) in the cantilevered configuration because its direction is opposite to the secondary flow in the passage.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
Topics: Compressors , Stators
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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