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A Comparison of Experimental With Computational Results in an Annular Turbine Cascade With Emphasis on Losses FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
C. Casciaro, M. Treiber, M. Sell, A. P. Saxer, G. Gyarmathy

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland

Paper No. 98-GT-146, pp. V001T01A043; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/98-GT-146
From:
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7862-0
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

Recent discussions in the industrial CFD community have identified a need for guidelines covering the accurate and efficient computation of a range of flow field classes. This paper addresses some of these issues for a standard turbomachinery test case, by investigating the flow through on annular blade row of a generic turbine profile, operating at an exit Mach number of 0.5.

The joint experimental and CFD works have focused upon identifying and quantifying the loss sources and loss development. This has been achieved by the acquisition of dense data sets of a known, high and repeatable experimental accuracy, where, concentrating primarily upon the investigation of the secondary flow phenomena, optimised experimental methods have been employed to measure the pressure distributions in the annuls and the development of the flow field, particularly the loss structures, downstream of the trailing edge.

On the CFD side, the flow field has been computed using commercial codes. Adopting the loss distribution as a primary marker for the quality of the CFD results, the performance and efficacy of the codes and the implemented viscous models can be assessed. The flow has been computed both 2D and 3D, from inviscid to laminar to turbulent with different turbulence models, with and without transition. According to the model, the flow has been investigated considering a wide range of parameters influencing its turbulent state.

Through this study, guidelines concerning numerical smoothing and free-stream turbulence parameters are proposed for the computation of such flows. The need of a transition model within 3D schemes, rather than an improvement of the turbulence model, to predict accurate loss levels has been recognized. However, through the cross analysis of the different computational results, a good estimate of the loss magnitude and distribution is feasible with the currently used models.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
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