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The Influence of Shrouded Stator Cavity Flows on Multistage Compressor Performance FREE

[+] Author Affiliations
Steven R. Wellborn

Allison Engine Company, Indianapolis, IN

Theodore H. Okiishi

Iowa State University, Ames, IA

Paper No. 98-GT-012, pp. V001T01A005; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/98-GT-012
From:
  • ASME 1998 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition
  • Volume 1: Turbomachinery
  • Stockholm, Sweden, June 2–5, 1998
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-7862-0
  • Copyright © 1998 by ASME

abstract

Experiments were performed on a low-speed multistage axial-flow compressor to assess the effects shrouded stator cavity flows on aerodynamic performance. Five configurations, which involved systematic changes in seal-tooth leakage rates and/or elimination of the shrouded stator cavities, were tested. Rig data indicate increasing seal-tooth leakage substantially degraded compressor performance. For every 1% increase in seal-tooth clearance-to-span ratio the decrease in pressure rise was 3% and the reduction in efficiency was 1 point. These observed performance penalties are comparable to those commonly reported for rotor and cantilevered stator tip clearance variations. The performance degradation observed with increased leakage was brought about in two distinct ways. First, increasing seal-tooth leakage directly spoiled the near hub performance of the stator row in which leakage occurred. Second, the altered stator exit flow conditions, caused by increased leakage, impaired the performance of the next downstream stage by decreasing the work input of the rotor and increasing total pressure loss of the stator. These trends caused the performance of downstream stages to progressively deteriorate. Numerical simulations of the test rig stator flow field were also conducted to help resolve important fluid mechanic details associated with the interaction between the primary and cavity flows. Simulation results show that fluid originating in the upstream cavity collected on the stator suction surface when the cavity tangential momentum was low and on the pressure side when it was high. The convection of cavity fluid to the suction surface was a mechanism which reduced stator performance when leakage increased.

Copyright © 1998 by ASME
This article is only available in the PDF format.

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