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Characterizing Jetting in an Acoustic Fluidized Bed Using X-Ray Computed Tomography

[+] Author Affiliations
David R. Escudero, Theodore J. Heindel

Iowa State University, Ames, IA

Paper No. FEDSM2014-21161, pp. V01CT18A001; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/FEDSM2014-21161
From:
  • ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1C, Symposia: Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Issues and Perspectives in Automotive Flows; Gas-Solid Flows: Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Clayton T. Crowe; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, August 3–7, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4623-0
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME

abstract

Understanding the jetting phenomena near the gas distributor plate in a fluidized bed is important to gas-solids mixing, heat and mass transfer, and erosion on any bed internals, which can all affect the performance of the bed. Moreover, acoustic vibration in a fluidized bed can be used to enhance the fluidization quality of particulate matter. Characterizing the jetting structure using X-ray computed tomography in a 3D fluidized bed, with and without acoustic intervention, is completed in this study. A 10.2 cm ID fluidized bed filled with glass beads, with material density of 2500 kg/m3 and particles sizes ranging between 212–600 μm, is used in these experiments. X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging is used to determine local time-average gas holdup. From this information, qualitative characteristics of the hydrodynamic structure of the multiphase flow system are determined. Local time-average gas holdup images of the fluidized bed under acoustic intervention at a high superficial gas velocity show that jets produced near the aeration plate merge with other jets at a higher axial position of the bed compared to the no acoustic condition. Acoustic fluidized beds also have a fewer number of active jets than the no acoustic fluidized bed, which allowed for a more homogeneous gas holdup region deep into the bed. Hence, the acoustic presence has a significant effect on the jetting phenomena near the distributor plate of the fluidized bed.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME

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