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Inflow Conditions and the Flow Behavior of a Biofluid in a Separated Flow Region

[+] Author Affiliations
Khaled J. Hammad

Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT

Paper No. FEDSM2014-21077, pp. V01CT15A002; 10 pages
  • ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1C, Symposia: Fundamental Issues and Perspectives in Fluid Mechanics; Industrial and Environmental Applications of Fluid Mechanics; Issues and Perspectives in Automotive Flows; Gas-Solid Flows: Dedicated to the Memory of Professor Clayton T. Crowe; Numerical Methods for Multiphase Flow; Transport Phenomena in Energy Conversion From Clean and Sustainable Resources; Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing and Manufacturing Processes
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, August 3–7, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4623-0
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


Inflow conditions influence on the flow behavior of human blood in a separated and reattached flow region is investigated. Hemorheological data that account for the yield stress and shear-thinning non-Newtonian characteristics of blood are used. The governing mass and momentum conservation equations along with the Herschel-Bulkley constitutive equation are solved numerically using a finite-difference scheme. Two inflow velocity profiles are considered, uniform and fully-developed ones. A parametric study is performed to reveal the impact of inflow velocity profile, upstream flow restriction, and rheology on the recirculation strength and reattachment characteristics of the flow field. Uniform inflow conditions result in larger relative recirculation intensity, in comparison with the fully-developed ones, only for a moderate upstream flow restriction. The separated flow region size in the case of a fully-developed inflow is always smaller than the one observed for uniform inflow. Larger separated flow regions with stronger flow recirculation, are predicted by the Newtonian model in comparison with the yield shear-thinning model for all studied inflow and upstream restriction conditions. The separated flow region size displays a strong dependency on the inflow velocity profile and upstream flow restriction, in comparison with the observed dependency on the used hemorheological model.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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