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A Study of the Development of an Analytical Wall Function for LES

[+] Author Affiliations
R. S. Amano, Takahiko Hasegawa, Shaohua Shen

University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI

Paper No. FEDSM2014-21191, pp. V01AT03A005; 10 pages
  • ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
  • Volume 1A, Symposia: Advances in Fluids Engineering Education; Turbomachinery Flow Predictions and Optimization; Applications in CFD; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Droplet-Surface Interactions; CFD Verification and Validation; Development and Applications of Immersed Boundary Methods; DNS, LES, and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, August 3–7, 2014
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4621-6
  • Copyright © 2014 by ASME


In order to invent a new near-wall treatment for turbulence in Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation, an Analytical Wall Function (AWF) has been studied and shown that it is possible to work accurately with Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) Simulation even for complicated geometry such as impinging jet flow or separation and reattachment flow. One of the most common wall functions is the Standard Wall Function (SWF) which assumes log-law inside the boundary layer. However, there is a problem that SWF has been used for industrial applications even though it is difficult to analyze the turbulence phenomenon in a complicated geometry accurately because log-law is not applicable in that geometry. On the other hand, since AWF derives the boundary condition on the wall by integrating analytically the boundary layer equation in wall adjacent cells, it can analyze the turbulence accurately even in complicated geometry. AWF has an advantage over SWF from this point of view.

In this study, AWF was improved and optimized for Large Eddy Simulation (LES) by changing the way of modeling of eddy viscosity inside the boundary layer for steady state simulation to that for unsteady state simulation. This is because RANS is a steady state simulation; on the other hand, LES is unsteady state simulation, which is one of the largest differences between them. The accuracy of the new AWF for LES (LES-AWF) was validated by both of experimental results and CFD simulation results. Both of the experiment and CFD simulation are conducted in the wind tunnel.

Copyright © 2014 by ASME



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